!Psygmorchis pusilla [L.] Dodson & Dressler 1972 Photo by , Dalton Holland Baptista and Orchidaceae Brasilensis

Plant and Flowers Photo courtesy of Jerzy Dziedzic

Flower closeup Photo courtesy of Danny Lentz

Plant and Flower in situ Ecuador Photo by Lourens Grobler

Part sunWarm to HotFalltoSpring

Common Name The Tiny Psygmorchis

Flower Size 1" [to 2.5 cm]

Found from Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad, Venezuela, Surinam, Guyana and French Guyanan on trees and shrubs in pastures, coffee plantations and hot humid forests at elevations 500 to 950 meters as a miniature sized, hot to warm growing, fan-shaped, twig epiphyte with numerous, bilaterally compressed, lanceolate-subfalcate, acute, subfleshy leaves that blooms in the fall through the spring on a short, 3/4" [2 cm] axillary, single flowered inflorescence with ovate, acute floral bracts that are smaller than the ovary and all is shorter or equal to the length of the leaves.

Synonyms Cymbidium iridifolium Sw. ex Steud. 1840; Cymbidium pusillum Sw. 1799; *Epidendrum pusillum L. 1763; Epidendrum ventilabrum Vell. 1827; Erycina allemanii (Barb.Rodr.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Erycina pusilla (L.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001; Oncidium allemanii Barb. Rodr. 1882; Oncidium iridifolium H.B.K. 1816; Oncidium pusillum [L.] Rchb.f 1861; Oncidium pusillum var. megalanthum Schltr. 1924; Psygmorchis allemanii (Barb.Rodr.) Garay & Stacy 1974; Tolumnia pusilla (L.) Hoehne 1949

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Oncidium pussilum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Oncidium pussilum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Oncidium pusillum; Das Pflanzenreich Odontoglossum/Oncidium Kranzlin 1922 as O pussilumRepert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 87. Panama Schlechter 1922 as Oncidium pusillum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 66. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Oncidium pusillum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 151. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Oncidium pusillum; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:115 Schlechter 1924 as Oncidium pussilum var megalanthum; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Oncidium pusillum drawing fide ; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 3 1957 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 drawing as Oncidium iridifolium; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958 as Oncidium pusillum; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 9 1958 photo as Oncidium pussilum; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Oncidium pusilla drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 10 1960 as Oncidium pussilum; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Oncidium pusilla; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Oncidium pusillum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Oncidium pussilum; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as Oncidium pussilum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 5 1970 as Oncidium pusillum; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979 as Oncidium pussilum; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 276 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1143 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 3 1987 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 9 1987 photo; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0162 Dodson & Bennett 1989; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0289 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 33-6 1997 drawing/photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Fieldiana Biology, Flora Costa Ricensis Family # 39 Orchidaceae, subtribes Maxillariinae and Oncidiinae Atwood & Retana 1999; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Erycina allemanii; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Erycina pusilla; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 751 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as Erycina pusilla drawing ok; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 drawing/photo fide; The Pictoral Encyclopedia of Oncidium Zelenko 2004; Orquideologia Vol. 23 No 1 2004 photo; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Erycina pusila photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 1 2006 photo; Orchid Species Culture: Oncidium, Bakers 2006; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Erycina pusilla; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Erycina glossomystax photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 as Erycina pusilla photo fide; Orquideas del Peru Freuler 2010 as Erycina pusila photo fide Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo as Erycina pusilla fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Erycina pusilla photo fide;

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