Pterygodium catholicum [L.]Sw. 1800 SECTION Pterygodium

Plant and Flower in Situ South Africa

Photos by Tyrone Genade

Colony of Plants and Flowers in Situ South Africa Photos by Cameron McMaster

EARLY

Common Name The Frequent Pterygodium - Mammakappie - Moederkappie - Mombakkiesblom - Oumakappie - Cowled Friars

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found only in southern southwestern Cape Province, South Africa as a slender, medium sized, cold growing terrestrial in short, open scrub in sandy, wet soils at elevations of 15 to 1600 meters and flower only after a fire sweeps the grassland with a rather stout, somewhat flexuous stem giving rise to cauline, distant, oblong to elliptic-oblong, sessile leaves and blooms in the spring through early summer on an erect, 1/2" to 12" [1.25 cm to 30 cm] long, 1 to 14 flowered inflorescence carrying strongly, pungent scented flowers..

Synonyms Arethusa alaris (L.f.) Raeusch. 1797; *Ophrys alaris L.f 1871; *Ophrys catholica L. 1760; Pterygodium alare (L.f.) Druce 1917

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzwell 1999

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