Satyrium cristatum Sond.1846 SUBGENUS Satyrium Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers in situ Photo by Cameron McMaster

Partial shade Cool Cold Summer

Common Name The Callus Satyrium

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Angola, Lesotho, Swaziland and Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal states of South Africa in moist grassy flats at elevations of 1000 to 2200 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with 2 to 3, spreading, shallowly v shaped in crossection leaves abruptly transitioning into the sheathing leaves above that blooms in the summer on an erect, 1.6 to 12" [4 to 30 cm] long, successively many [8 to 85] flowered inflorescence with red, narrowly linear, acute, recurved, floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate flowers

Synonyms Satyrium pentadactylum Kraenzl. 1898

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos

Satyrium cristatum var alba Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

A white color version of the preceding species.

Satyrium cristatum var. longilabiatum A.V.Hall 1982 Photo courtesy of Lourens Grobler

A form variation of the previous species

Synonyms Satyrium ivantalae Rchb.f. 1865

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 10 1995 photo; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008;

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