Satyrium nepalense D.Don 1825

Plant and Flowers in situ Photos by Giby Kuriakose Flickr Photo Website

Pink Flowered variety Photo by China Blogspot

FragranceFull shadeCoolColdSummer Fall

Common Name The Nepalese Satyrium - In China Niao Zu Lan

Flower Size 3/8 to .6" [.8 to 1.6 cm]

Found in China, western Himalayas, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Eastern Himalayas, Nepal and Bhutan in open grasslands at elevations of 2100 to 3700 meters as a miniature to large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with 1 ro 2, ovoid-cylindric tubers giving rise to a sout, bracteate above stem carrying 2 to 3, oblong to ovate-lanceolate, sub-basal, fleshy, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an erect, 6.8" to 17.6" [17 to 44 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with oblong-lanceolate, leaf-like floral bracts that exceed the ovary in length and carrying fragrant flowers

Synonyms Satyrium aceras Schltr. 1922; Satyrium albiflorum A.Rich. 1841; Satyrium ciliatum Lindl. 1838; Satyrium henryi Schltr. 1919; Satyrium mairei Schltr.1919; Satyrium nepalense f. albiflorum (A.Rich.) Tuyama 1966; Satyrium nepalense var. ciliatum (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890; Satyrium pallidum A.Rich. 1841; Satyrium perrottetianum A.Rich. 1841; Satyrium setchuenicum Kraenzl.1900; Satyrium tenii Schltr. 1921; Satyrium tschangii Schltr. 1924; Satyrium wightianum Lindl. 1838; Satyrium yunnanense Rolfe 1913;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Satyrium nepalense var ciliata drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1958 drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as S ciliatum; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide as S ciliatum; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide as S ciliatum; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide;

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