Satyrium hallackii Bolus 1884 SUBGENUS Macrophyllum Photo by J D Adendorff

Partial shade Cool Cold Spring

Common Name Hallack's Satyrium [English orchid enthusiast in South Africa 1800's]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in southwestern and southern Cape Province South Africa in moist and brackish soils near the shore at elevations of sealevel to 600 meters as a medium to large sized, cool cold growing terrestrial orchid with a leaf stem carrying 8 to 10, lowermost sheathing, next 2 to 4, broadly lanceolate, and the upper ascending and scaling down to bract-like leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, 4 to 10" [10 to 25 cm] long, fairly densely many flowered inflorescence with linear, acute, recurved floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate flowers.

Synonyms Satyrium foliosum Lindl. 1838; Satyrium foliosum var. helonioides Lindl. 1838; Satyrium hallackii subsp. ballii (van der Niet & P.J.Cribb) van der Niet & P.J.Cribb 2007; Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum (Bolus) A.V.Hall 1982 - See Satyrium hallackii Bolus 1884; Satyrium hallackii var. ballii van der Niet & P.J.Cribb 2006; Satyrium nutans Kraenzl.1898; Satyrium ocellatum Bolus 1893;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; The Cape Orchids Vol 2 Liltved & Johnson 2012 photos fide;

Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum (Bolus) A.V.Hall 1982

A Colony of Plant and Flowers in situ Transvaal South Africa Photos courtesy of Lourens Grobler

FragrancePartial shade Cool Cold Summer

Found in Malawi, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland, Natal and Transvaal states of South Africa at elevations of 600 to 2200 meters as a medium to large sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with 4 to 6 cauline leaves grading into floral bracts above that blooms in the summer on a terminal, erect, 30 to 60 flowered inflorescence and carrying faintly scented flowers.

Differs from S hallackii in the shorter spur, bloom times and their geographical locations

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 as S ocellatum photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 as S ocellatum;

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