Scaphosepalum swertiifolium (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1890 SUBSPECIES swertifolium SECTION Leiocaulium Luer 1988

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl.

Another Color Variant Photo by Lourens Grobler

Another Color Variant

Red Color Form Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding.

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Common Name The Swertia perennis-Like Scaphoswepalum [Refers to the leaves looking like the species Swertia perennis]

Flower Size 2 3/4" [7 cm]

A Colombian, Ecuadorian and Peruvian orchid occuring in extremely wet montane cloud forests as a miniature sized, warm to cold growing epiphytic species found at an altitude of 600-2200 meters with erect, slender ramicauls enveloped by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths carrying a single, apical, erect, thinly coriaceous, long-petiolate, ellipical, acute, subplicate leaf that gradually narrows below to the slender, channeled petiole and blooms on a ascending to horizontal, smooth, loose to congested, lateral, 2 to 6" [5 to 15 cm] long, racemose, few flowered inflorescence arising from low on the ramicaul with thin tubular floral bracts and the flowers opening in succession in the summer, fall, winter and spring and are held below the leaves.

Synonyms *Masdevallia swertiifolia Rchb. f. 1880; Scaphosepalum platypetalum Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as S platypetalum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 284 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Dresslerella And Scaphosepalum Vol 5 1988 drawing fide; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo ok; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo soso; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 3 1995; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 43/3 2001; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 photo fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide

Scaphosepalum swertiifolium subsp. exiguum Luer & R. Escobar 1988 Photo courtesy of Patricia Harding.

A color and shape variant.

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