Disa bifida Sw. 1800 SECTION Schizodium

Photo by Cameron McMaster

LATE

Common Name The Cleft In Two Part Disa [refers to the parted petals]

Flower Size 1/4" [.65 cm]

Found only in southwestern and southern Cape Province of South Africa in plains in deep sand at elevations of sea level to 1000 meters as a small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid occuring on sandy or gravelly soil or clay which is wet in winter and dry in summer and flowering occurs on a wiry, erect, terminal, to 10" [to 25 cm] long, 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence carrying a few flowers in the late winter and spring

Synonyms *Satyrium bifidum Thunb. 1794; Schizodium bifidum (Thunb.) Rchb. f. 1883 Schizodium rigidum Lindl. 1838

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Schizodium bifidum; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 9 1982 photo; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as Schizodium bifidum; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 as Schizodium bifidum drawing good; A molecular phylogeny for the large African orchid genus Disa Bytebier 2006

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