Myrmecophila galeottiana Rolfe 1917 SUBGENUS Chaunoschomburgkia

Closeup detail of column Photos by Jay Pfahl

Another Flower Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Myrmecophila galeottiana 'Albaluz' Gold Medal/AMO ( Asociacion Mexicana de Orquideologia)

Flower Closeup Photos courtesy of Robert Weyman Bussey

Habitat photo in Mexico Photo courtesy of Noble Bashor

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Common Name Galeotti's Schomburgkia [Belgian Botanist 1800's]

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

This large sized, hot growing epiphytic plant is found on the Pacific side near sea level in Jalisco, Guerrero, Michoacan, Morelos and Colima states of Mexico at elevations of 25 to 400 meters on trees in river valleys and lowland tropical deciduous or subdeciduous forests with an elongate, 3 to 5 jointed, terete pseudobulb that gradually tapers towards the narrow apex carrying 2 to 4 thick, leathery, concave beneath, elliptic, obtuse and apiculate apically and gradually narrowing below into the clasping base leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, erect, paniculate, 3' 4" to 6' 8" [1 to 2 meters] long, many flowered inflorescence opening in succession.

Upon personal examination of L.O.Williams 1943 drawing of Laelia sawyeri, I am convinced that it represents what we call Myrmecophila galeottiana and so I include it as a synonym here even though it is the basionym of Schomburgkia sawyeri, which definitely has a different flower with a drooping aspect, much broader petals and a less flared lip.

This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms Bletia lepidissima Rchb.f 1889; Laelia galeottiana (A.Rich.) Lindl. ex Heynh. 1846; Laelia sawyeri L.O.Williams 1943; Myrmecophilia chionodora [Rchb.f]Rolfe 1917; Myrmecophilia chionodora var kimballiana [Rchb.f] Kennedy 1979; Myrmecophilia lepidissima [Rchb.f] Rolfe 1917; Myrmecophilia sanderiana [Rolfe] Rolfe 1917; Schomburgkia chionodora Rchb.f 1886; Schomburgkia chionodora var kimballiana Rchb.f 1888; *Schomburgkia galeottiana A. Rich. 1845; Schomburgkia galeottiana var chionodora [Rchb.f] Jones 1968; Schomburgkia galeottiana var kimballiana [Rchb.f]Jones 1963; Schomburgkia rhionodora var kimballiana Rchb.f 1888; Schomburgkia lepidissimma Rchb.f 1888; Schomburgkia sanderiana Rolfe 1891;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 8 1961 drawing; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 1 1963 drawing as L sawyeri & itself; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8 as Schomburgkia lepidissima; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8 as Schomburgkia sandreiana; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 3 Withner 1990 as Schomburgkia galeottiana photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004;

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