Schomburgkia superbiens (Lindl.) Rolfe 1917 SUBGENUS Schomburgkia Photo by Arturo Carillo

Inflorescence

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Joseph Dougherty

to LATE to EARLY

Common Name The Gorgeous Schomburgkia or in Guatemala - La Vara De Senor San Jose [the Wand of St. Joseph] in Mexico - Flor de la Candelaria or Tanal

Flower Size to 5" [to 12.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua in open or damp forests on trees or the rocks below them in mountains of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas at altitudes of 800 to 2000 meters where it is a large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte which forms dense, 6 foot wide colonies with elongated, oblong-fusiform, slightly compressed, furrowed pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 3, apical, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or acute, conduplicate towards the base, very leathery leaves that have an erect to arching, simple, to 4' [120 cm] long, apical, stout, many flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and has large, lanceolate, acuminate bracts and carrying fragrant, showy, large, long-lasting flowers occuring in the late fall and early winter.

Synonyms Amalia superbiens (Lindl.) Heynh, 1846; Bletia superbiens (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862; Cattleya superbiens (Lindl.) Beer 1854; *Laelia superbiens Lindl. 1840

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Laelia superbiens drawing fide; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Bletia superbiens; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Laelia superbiens; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Laelia superbiens; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Laelia superbiens drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 5 1957 Drawing as Laelia superbiens; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Laelia superbiens; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 1 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as laelia superbiens; AOS Bulletin VOl 38 No 6 1969 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 42 No 1 1978 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 7 1979 photo as Laelia superbiens; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1159 Hamer 1984 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as Laelia superbiens; Icones Orchidacearum 5 - 6 Orchids of Mexico Part 2 - 3 Plate 599 Hagsater & Soto 2002 as Laelia superbiens drawing fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 as laelia superbiens photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash and La Croix 2005; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Laelia superbiens photo fide;

Schomburgkia superbiens (Lindl.) Rolfe 1917 var alba Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 12 2008 photo as L superbiens

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