Serapias cordigera Linne 1763 SECTION Bilamellaria SUBSECTION Platypetalae Photo by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Th. Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

to

S vomeracea Group

Common Name The Heart-Shaped Lip Serapias

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Portugal, Spain, the Balaeric Islands France Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Austria, Italy, Yugoslavia, Albania, Greece, the eastern Aegean Islands, Turkey, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco and the Azores Islands in dry to wet grasslands, scrub or light pine, oak or chestnut forests at elevations of sealevel to 600 meters as a small to medium sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial orchid with 2 to 3 subterranean, ovoid to globose tubers giving rise to a stem carrying 5 to 8, lanceolate leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, 8" [20 cm] long, laxly few to several [4 to 15] flowered inflorescence with large brown papery bracts that almost cover the showy flowers occuring in the spring.

Synonyms Helleborine cordigera (L.) Pers. 1807; Lonchitis cordigera (L.) Bubani 1901; Serapias atlantica D.Rückbr. & U.Rückbr. 1994; Serapias azorica Schlechter 1923; Serapias cossyrensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1999; Serapias cordigera f. ochrantha Landwehr 1977; ; Serapias cordigera subsp. azorica (Schltr.) Soó 1927; Serapias cordigera subsp. cossyrensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz 2004; Serapias cordigera subsp. cretica B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1999; Serapias cordigera subsp. gentilii C.Venhuis, P.Venhuis & Kreutz 2007; Serapias cordigera subsp. laxiflora (Soó) H.Sund. 1980; Serapias cordigera subsp. lorenziana (H.Baumann & Künkele) Kreutz 2004; Serapias cordigera subvar. curvifolia (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus 1928; Serapias cordigera subvar. leucantha (J.A.Guim.) E.G.Camus 1928; Serapias cordigera var. cretica (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge 2004; Serapias cordigera var. curvifolia J.A.Guim. 1887; Serapias cordigera var. leucantha J.A.Guim. 1887; Serapias cordigera var. mauritanica (E.G.Camus) E.Nelson 1968; Serapias cossyrensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1999; Serapias gregaria Godfery 1921; Serapias lingua var. cordigera (L.) Savi 1798; Serapias lorenziana H.Baumann & Künkele 1989; Serapias ovalis A. Rich. 1818; Serapias pseudocordigera var. mauritanica E.G.Camus 1908; Serapias vomeracea f. artemisiae (W.Hahn, Kreutz & Passin) P.Delforge 2008; Serapias vomeracea subsp. artemisiae W.Hahn, Kreutz & Passin 2007; Serapias vomeracea var. mauritanica E.G.Camus 1908; Serapiastrum cordigerum (L.) A.A.Eaton 1908

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 1 1985 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 40 2000 as S lorenziana; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005

Serapias cordigera subsp. cretica B.Baumann & H.Baumann 1999 Photo by © Pieter C. Brouwer and his Photo Website

A variety of the previous species.

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