!Sophronitis cernua (Lindl.) Lindl. 1838 Photos courtesy of Sandra M. Vila

Plant

Plant in situ at elevation 2 meters on Sao Paulo State, Brazil beach 100 metrers from the sea Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Another view Photo courtesy of Dale and Deni Borders

Common Name The Nodding Sophronitis

Flower Size 1" to 1 1/4" [2.2 to 2.7 cm]

A miniature sized, south eastern Brazil species that can be found as far inland as Bolivia and Paraguay [S pterocarpa] and grows epiphytically and occasionally lithophytically as a warm growing orchid that has densely clustered, subcylindric or ovoid pseudobulb with 2 or 3 basal nodes and carrying a single, apical, thickly coriaceosu, broadly ovate or elliptic-ovate, obtuse or minutely apiculate leaf that blooms on a terminal, erect, 1" to 2" [2 to 5 cm] long, few [4 to 10] flowered inflorescence with nodding flowers occuring in the spring. Mount this species on cork and give hot to warm temperatures, bright light, high humidity, and year round water with less in cooler weather. This species is found at sealevel in Espiritu Santo south to Sao Paulo state on rocky slopes or trees often so close to the sea that a slight salt spray can reach them. They can be found in Seaside mangrove hammocks and then as one goes inland on the littoral plain to the coastal foothilss can be found high above the canopy in lowland trees with full sun and a constant breeze so as to keep them dry even though they are in rainforest conditions.. Temp can range from 50 to 110 degrees.

Synonyms Cattleya cernua [Lindley]Beer 1854; Cattleya cernua (Lindl.) ined.; Cattleya pterocarpa (Lindl. & Paxton) Beer 1854; Epidendrum humile Vell. 1881; *Sophronia cernua Lindl. 1827; Sophronia modesta Lindl. 1827; Sophronia pterocarpa (Lindl. & Paxton) Kuntze 1891; Sophronitis cernua var. alagoensis Gomes Ferreira 1998; Sophronitis cernua var. albiflora Cogn. 1907; Sophronitis cernua var. endsfeldzii Pabst 1971; Sophronitis cernua var litoanea hort.; Sophronitis cernua var mineira hort; Sophronitis hoffmannseggii Rchb.f 1842; Sophronitis isopetala Hoffmansegg 1842; Sophronitis modesta Lindley 1828 misspell; Sophronitis nutans Hoffmansegg 1842; Sophronitis pterocarpa Lindl. & Paxt. 1853 misspell

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 5 1970 photo; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 5 1972 photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 as S pterocarpa drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 as S pterocarpa; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 1 1987 photo fide; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 1 1987 as S pterocarpa drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 as S pterocarpa photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 6 1999 photo; Orchids Australia Vol 12 No 6 2000 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 42/3 2001 as S pterocarpa; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 7 2003 photo; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 5 2004 photo; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 72 No 4 2007 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2008; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing/photo fide

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