!Sophronitella violacea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1925

Photos by Rogier van Vugt and his Orchid webpage

Flower Closeup

Photo by Roman Maruska

Flower and Plant

Photo by Ricci Zepmeusel

Plant in situ Minas Gerais Brazil

Photo by Ismael Nilton Vischi

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Common Name The Violet Sophronitella

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Fpund in eastern Brazil in heavily shaded, mountainous humid forests at moderate elevations as a small sized, creeping, hot to cool growing epiphyte and occasional lithophyte found with densely clustered, robust, oblong-fusiform or narrowly ovoid, basally 1 or 2 noded pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 2, apical, fleshy-coriaceous, linear, conduplicate, sharply acute, and minutely apiculate leaves that blooms on an erect, 2" [5 cm] long, shorter than the leaves, 1 or 4 flowered inflorescence that has acute, ovate bracts occuring in the late winter and spring in Brazil and late autumn through mid winter in cultivation.

This species grows best mounted on cork or treefern and kept humid and in bright light with regular waterings.

Synonyms Cattleya violacea [Lindley]Beer 1854; Isabelia violacea (Lindl.) C.Van den Berg & M.W.Chase 2001; Sophronia violacea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; *Sophronitis violacea Lindl. 1840; Sophronitis violacea var. alba Barb.Rodr. 1882

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Sophronitis violacea photo fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Sophronitis violacea drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 # 6 1968; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 5 1972 as Sophronitis violacea; Orchidaceae Brasilienses Pabst & Dungs Band I 1975 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 1 1980 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 6 1980 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 12 1980 photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 photo/drawing fide; Orchid Digest 51 Vol 1 1987; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 3 1990 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 11 1995 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 #9 1996 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 2 2001 as Isabelia violacea; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 3 2005 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Isabelia violacea photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #8 2010 as Isabella violacea photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 81 #1 2012 as Isabelia violacea photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #2 2017 as Isabelia violacea photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #5 2019 drawing fide;

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