!Spathoglottis plicata Blume 1825 SECTION Lilacinae
Photo by Joji Castaneda-Lapuz
Common Name Pleated Leaf Spathoglottis - In Japan - Koto-shi-ran - In China Zi Hua Bao She Lan - In Australia The Large Purple Orchid
Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]
A medium to large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial species found at elevations of 700 to 2000 meters on rocky grassland slopes, in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands in Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Assam, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Islands, Myanamar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Malaysia, Sumatra, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Bismark Islands, New Guinea, Solomon islands, Queensland Australia, Fiji, Niue, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu, Santa Cruz, Wallis and Futna, Carolines Islands, Marianas, Taiwan and the Ryukyus and as an invasive species Hawaii and the Caribbean. They can take full sun year round and require regular waterings and fertilizer year round. It has ovoid 3" [7.5 cm] psuedobulbs with numerous apical, stalked, linear-lanceolate, pointed, plicate, membraneous, and up to 3' [90 cm] long. The stiff, erect, up to 2 1/2' [75 cm] long, terminal inflorescence has a head of 5 to 25, successive opening, nonfragrant flowers that can bloom several times in a year but most often througth the spring and summer. This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.
In the Moluccas the leaves are heated up and applied as a poulstice to aching and rheumatic joints.
Synonyms Bletia angustifolia Gaud 1829; Calanthe poilanei Gagnep. 1951; Paxtonia rosea Lindley 1838; Phaius rumphii Blume 1856; Spathoglottis angustifolia (Gaudich.) Benth. & Hook.f. 1883; Spathoglottis daenikeri Kraenzl. 1929; Spathoglottis lilacina Griff 1851; Spathoglottis plicata var. minahassae Schltr. 1925; Spathoglottis rosea (Lindl.) G.Nicholson 1886; Spathoglottis spicata Lindley 1859;
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;
Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Xenia Orchidaceae Vol 3 Reichenbach 1893; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide;