Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich. 1817

Flower Closeup

Colony en situ Photo courtesy of David Mcadoo

Fragrant Part shade to Cold LATESummer EARLYFall

Common Name The Nodding Spiranthes - The Nodding Ladies Tresses

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in eastern Canada and all central and eastern America except Florida at elevations up to 1000 meters with fragrant flowers as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with 2 leaves that blooms in the late summer and early fall on an erect, terminal, many flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Gyrostachys cernua (L.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys constricta Small 1898; Ibidium cernuum (L.) Bouse 1905; Limodorum autumnale Walter 1788; Neottia cernua (L.) Sw. 1805; *Ophrys cernua L. 1763; Spiranthes annua Lesq. ex Brandeger & Coville 1888 publ. 1891; Spiranthes cernua var. ochroleuca Ames 1905; Spiranthes constricta (Small) K.Schum. 1898; Triorchis cernua (L.) Nieuwl. 1913;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 5 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 6 1979 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 6 1981 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 5 1984 photo; AOS Buletin Vol 71 No 5 2002 photo; The Wild Orchids of Florida Brown 2002; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide

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