Spiranthes laciniata [Small]Ames 1905

Photo by Prem Subrahmanyam

Inflorescence

Photo by Stephen Jones.

Plants in grass in median of Rest Stop - Florida

Photo by Jay Pfahl

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Common Name Lace-Lipped Spiral Orchid; LaceLip Ladies Tresses

Found from New Jersey south to Florida and west to Texas as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial of grasslands, damp meadows, pinelands and open woodlands as well as in roadside ditches and roadbanks that is often fragrant and flowers on an erect, stout to slender, 8 to 24" [20 to 60 cm] long, terminal, green, many flowered, densely pubescent, spicate inflorescence occuring in the spring in the south and the late summer in the north of it's range and found in wet ground or cypress swamps, marshes or ponds.

~It is commonly called the Lace Lip Spiral Orchid as the flowers have a tendency to spiral around the inflorescence. This species is extermly similar to Spiranthes vernalis and is only different in the blunt, rounded or ball tipped downy hairs on the inflorescence which is only visible with magnification.

Synonyms *Gyrostachys laciniata Small 1938; Ibidium laciniatum (Small) House 1906; Triorchis lacinata [Sm.] House 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fide; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo fide; Fairchild Tropical Garden Bulletin Vol 47 No 2 1992 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #8 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #3 2015 photo fide;

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