Spiranthes odorata (Nutt.) Lindl. 1834 Photo by Wilford Neptune

Flower Closeup Photo by Eric Hunt

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Common Name Fragrant Ladie's Tresses

This is a Southeastern American aquatic to semi-aquatic terrestrial species of woodlands, grassy alkaline marshes, and wet depressions in grasslands with a slender to stout, pubescent above, blunt to capitate haired stem carrying 3 to 6, linear-oblanceolate, bourne on the lower part of the stem leaves that blooms in the fall till spring on an erect, terminal, to 3' [to 90 cm] long, many flowered, spicate inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate, longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying strongly fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Coccineorchis cernua (Lindl.) Garay 1978; Gyrostachys odorata (Nutt.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys triloba Sm 1898; Ibidium odoratum (Nutt.) House 1906; Ibidium trilobum Sm. 1913; *Neottia odorata Nutt. 1834; Spiranthes cernua [L.] L. C. Rich. var odorata [Nutth.] Correll 1940; Spiranthes triloba (Small) K.Schum. 1898; Triorchis odorata [Nutth.] Nieuwl. 1913; Triorchis triloba [Sm.] House 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 as S cernua var odorata drawing/photos fide; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 4 1985 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993 as Spiranthes cernua; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo

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