Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. 1828

Photo by Matthew Cook and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower forward view

Photo by Janet Novak

Inflorescence

Photo by Brett Francis

and EARLY

Common Name Romanoff's Spiranthes [Russian State Minister 1800's] - in UK - Irish Ladies' Tresses - In USA - Hooded Ladies Tresses

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in England, Ireland, Aluetians, Alaska, North West Territories, Yukon, Alberta, Br. Columbia, Manitoba, Saskachuan, Ontario, Quebec, Prine Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, N Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, Wisconson, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Massachusets, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine and Northern Mexico in tundra, bogs, open woodlands and littoral areas as a small to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial orchid with 3 to 6, linear-lanceolate, basal leaves that climb the stem after as bracts and blooms in the summer and early fall on a terminal, to 20" [50 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate, shorter than the ovary floral bract and holding the 60, fragrant flowers in three spiralling rows.

Synonyms Gyrostachys gemmipara (Sm.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys romanzoffiana (Cham.) MacMill. 1892; Gyrostachys stricta Rydb. 1900; Ibidium romanzoffianum (Cham.) House 1906; Ibidium romanzoffianum var. strictum (Rydb.) Daniels 1911; Ibidium strictum (Rydb.) House 1905; Neottia gemmipara Sm. 1828; Orchiastrum romanzoffianum (Cham.) Greene 1894; Spiranthes gemmipara (Sm.) Lindl. 1829; Spiranthes pauciflora Raf. 1833; Spiranthes romanzoffiana var. stricta (Rydb.) Druce 1928; Spiranthes stricta (Rydb.) A.Nelson 1909; Triorchis romanzoffiana (Cham.) Nieuwl. 1913; Triorchis stricta (Rydb.) Nieuwl. 1913

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905 drawing fide; Wild Orchids Of Britain Summerhayes 1951; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 5 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 44 #5 1975 photo fide; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Orchid Digest Vol 46 No 6 1982 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of North America Williams & Williams 1983; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 No 4 1994 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 6 1996 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Orchid Digest Vol 70 #3 2006 as Hooded Ladies Tresses photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 74 #2 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #4 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #3 2015 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #2 2017 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 # 6 2019 photo fide; The Orchid Review Vol 127 No 1328 December 2019 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #11 2020 photo fide;

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