Spiranthes tenuis Lindl. 1840 Photo by © Marcos Aurelio

Inflorescence Photo by © Marcos Aurelio

Fragrance Deep Shade Warm Cold LATEWinter Spring

Common Name The Delicate Spiranthes

Flower Size 1/5" [5 mm]

Found in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Fr Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia and Brazil at elevations around 1200 to 1800 meters as a miniature to small sized warm to cold growing terrestrial with a short stem carrying several, basal, coriaceous, linear-lanceolate, acute leaves and blooms in the late winter and spring on an erect, terminal, glabrous below and pilose above, 4" [10 cm] long, laxly several to many flowered inflorescence with the fragrant flowers held in a spiral and having, inflated, acuminate floral bracts that cover the ovary of each flower.

The second photo matches many references to the name S tenuis, taken by Pfahl is quite different from the first photo by Aurelio, which mostly resembles Hapalorchis/Cylcopogon/Spiranthes lineata but many references put them together with S lineata being a synonym of S tenuis

Synonyms Cyclopogon amabilis (Ames) Acuña 1939; Cyclopogon candidus (Kraenzl.) Pabst 1974; Cyclopogon lineatus (Lindl.) Pabst 1974; Cyclopogon micranthus (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1877; Cyclopogon pauciflorus (Porto & Brade) Pabst 1974; Gyrostachys lineata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Hapalorchis candidus (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920; Hapalorchis cheirostyloides Schltr. 1919; Hapalorchis lineatus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920; Hapalorchis lineatus var. brevicaulis Hoehne 1945; Hapalorchis micranthus (Barb.Rodr.) Hoehne 1945; Hapalorchis pauciflorus Porto & Brade 1937; Hapalorchis tenuis (Lindl.) Schltr. 1919; Sauroglossum candidum Kraenzl. 1911; Sauroglossum tenue Lindl. 1858; Spiranthes amabilis Ames 1923; Spiranthes cheirostyloides (Schltr.) C.Schweinf. 1941; Spiranthes fawcettii Cogn. 1909; Spiranthes lineata Lindl. 1840; Spiranthes micrantha Barb.Rodr. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list as Hapalorchis lineata , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as S fawcettii; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as S fawcettii drawing hmm; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten I Venezuela Schlechter 1919 as Hapalorchis cheirostyloides; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II Hoehne 1945 as Hapalorchis micranthus drawing ok to the second photo; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II Hoehne 1945 as Hapalorchis lineatus drawing ok to the first photo; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1953 as Hapalorchis/Cyclopogon micranthus drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1953 as Hapalorchis lineatus drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1953 as Hapalorchis lineatus var brevicaulis drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958 as Spiranthes micrantha; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as Spiranthes lineata drawing agrees quite well; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as S lineatum, AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 drawing close to second photo; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as Cyclopogon candidus drawing ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as Cyclopogon lineatus drawing ok; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as Cyclopogon micranthus drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Hapalorchis cheirostyloides drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide to second photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 533 Dodson Vasquez 1982 as Hapalorchis lineatus drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 773 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 as Hapalorchis lineatus drawing fide; Orchids of the High Mountains of the Mata Atlantica in southern Brazil Miller and Warren 1994 as Cyclopogon candidus drawing fideAn Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 as Hapalorchis lineatus drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Hapalorchis cheirostyloides drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; The Organ Mountain Range, ite History and its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 as Cyclopogon candidus drawing ok/photo ok

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