!Stanhopea insignis Frost ex W. Hook. 1829 SUBGENUS Stanhopea SECTION Stanhopea Photo courtesy of Dick Hartley Foxdale Orchids

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Jiseph Dougherty

toLATE EARLY

Common Name The Grand Stanhopea

Flower Size 5 1/2" [14 cm]

Found in Rio de Janiero, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul states of Brazil in dry montane forests at elevations sealevel to 500 meters as a medium sized, warm to hot growing epiphyte or occasional terrestrial with ovoid to round, ribbed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, petiolate leaf that blooms on a pendant, racemose, to 10" long, few to several flowered inflorescence with large, chartaceous bracts and heavily fragrant flowers occuring in the late summer and early fall.

Synonyms Ceratochilus insignis Lindl. ex Steud.; Ceratochilus insignis (Frost) Lindl. ex G. Don 1830; Stanhopea atropurpurea hort. ex Planchon 1858; Stanhopea flava Lodd. ex Beer; Stanhopea insignis var. alba hort. ex Linden 1853 ; Stanhopea insignis var. atropurpurea hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea insignis var. atrorubens hort. ex Henshall ; Stanhopea insignis var. flava hort. ex Lodd. 1835 ; Stanhopea insignis var. fulva hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea insignis var. guttata hort. ex Henshall 1845; Stanhopea insignis var. leucochila Lemaire 1847 ; Stanhopea insignis var. lutea hort. ex Loddiges ; Stanhopea insignis var. major hort. ex Loddiges 1844 ; Stanhopea insignis var. obscura hort. ex Loddiges 1844; Stanhopea insignis var. pallida hort. ex Loddiges 1844 ; Stanhopea insignis var. punctata hort. ex Heynhold 1846 ; Stanhopea insignis var. speciosa hort. ex Hoffmannsegg; Stanhopea insignis var. superba hort. ex Planchon 1858 ; Stanhopea macrochila Lem.; Stanhopea odoratissima Heynh.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 drawing fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 37-8 1999 photo fide; Caesiana 21 Stanhopea Part 1 Jenny 2003 photo/drawing fide;

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