Stanhopea wardii Lodd. ex Lindley 1838 SUBGENUS Stanhopea SECTION Wardii Photo by Dick Hartley Foxdale Orchids

Inflorescence Photo by Jay Pfahl

Fragrance Full shadeWarm to Hot Summerand Fall

Common Name Ward's Stanhopea [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800's]

Flower Size 5" [12.5 cm]

Found from Nicaragua, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela as a medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte occuring on trees and on rocks in humid cloud forests from 800 to 2700 meters in altitude, it can fill an entire house with it's pleasing scent. This species has pyriform to ovoid, sulcate psedobulbs with a single, apical, coriaceous, plicate, ribbed, elliptic-obovate, gradually narrows below into the elongate, petiolate base leaf. They bloom in the summer and fall on a pendant, 3 to 10 flowered, 6 to 7 1/4" [15 to 18 cm] long, crowded inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and last from 2-4 days and as in all Stanhopea they must be kept in a wire basket or mounted on a plaque as the inflorescence hangs pendant from below the plant.

Synonyms Stanhopea amoena Klotsch; Stanhopea anfracta Rolfe; Stanhopea aurea Lindley; Stanhopea inodora var. amoena (Klotzsch) Lindley 1852; Stanhopea peruviana Rolfe; Stanhopea wardii var.aurantiaca hort.ex Hennig; Stanhopea wardii Lodd. Ex Lindley var aurea Lindley; Stanhopea wardii var. aureum hort. ex Henshall 1845; Stanhopea wardii var. flavescens Klinge 1899; Stanhopea wardii var.stenoptera Rchb.f. 1858; Stanhopea woodii Lindley 1950

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Sert. Orchid. t. 20. 1836; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 60. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 2 1957 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 2 1963 photo/drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Scweinfurth 1970; Orchid Digest Vol 38 No 3 1974 photo fide; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Hamer Vol 2 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 photo Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1186 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 57 No 1 1993 photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 1/2 1993 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 3 1993 photo; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1594 Atwood 1993 drawing ok; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 37-8 1999; Oasis Vol 1 No 4 2000; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchids Australia Vol 12 No 6 2000 photo; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 2 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 3 2004 photo; Caesiana Vol 22 Stanhopea Part 2 Jenny 2004 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 6 2006 photo; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo ok

Stanhopea wardii var. aurea Lindl. 1852 Photo courtesy of Dick Hartley Foxdale Orchids

A color variation of the previous species.

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