!Sacoila lanceolata (Aubl.) Garay 1982 Photo by © Gustavo Righelato

Inflorescence

Colony of S lanceolatata in situ DeLeon Springs Florida 7/06

Flower Closeup in situ DeLeon Springs Florida Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Part shade Cool to Hot Springto Fall

Common Name The Lance-Head Sacoila - The Leafless Beaked Orchid

Flower Size 1" [2.3 cm]

A small to large sized, erect, hot to cool growing terrestrial herb found in Florida, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, and the Windwards at elevations of 100 to 1700 meters with thick, tuberous, hairy and fleshy roots have a spiral rosette of 3 or more, dark green, abaxilly carinate leaves from which it blooms on a terminal, stout, erect, 12" to 36" [30 cm to 90 cm] long, scape terminating in a glandular-pubescent, densely many flowered racemose inflorescence with the flowers clustered towards the apex occuring in the spring through fall. Often found by roadsides in open grassy places or in open areas of tropical deciduous forests on hillsides.

Synonyms Gyrostachys aphylla (Hook.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys lanceolata (Aubl.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys orchioides (Sw.) Kuntze 1891; Gyrostachys stenorrhynchus Kuntze 1891; Ibidium cristalligerum Salisb. 1812; Ibidium crystalligerum Salisb. 1812; * Limodorum lanceolatum Aubl. 1775; Neottia aphylla Hook. 1828; Neottia lanceolata (Aubl.) Willd 1805; Neottia orchioides (Sw.) Willd. 1799; Neottia plantaginea Hkr. 1827; Pachygenium aphyllum (Vell.) Szlach., R.González & Rutk. 2001; Pelexia aphylla (Vell.) Schltr. 1920; Pelexia tomentosa (Vell.) Schltr. 1920; Sacoila apetala (Kraenzl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982; Sacoila lanceolata (Aubl.) Garay 1982; Sacoila lanceolata f. albidaviridis Catling & Sheviak 1993; Sacoila lanceolata var. australis (Lindl.) Szlach. 1994; Sacoila lanceolata var. luteoalba (Rchb.f.) Sauleda, Wunderlin & B.F.Hansen 1984; Sacoila lanceolata var. paludicola (Luer) Sauleda, Wunderlin & B.F.Hansen 1984; Sacoila lanceolata var. secundiflora (Lillo & Hauman) Szlach. 1994; Sacoila lanceolata var. squamulosa (Kunth) Szlach. 1994; Sacoila lurida Raf. 1836; Sacoila riograndensis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 ; Sacoila secundiflora (Lillo & Hauman) Garay 1980 publ. 1982; Satyrium orchioides Sw. 1788; Serapias aphylla Vell. 1831; Serapias coccinea Vellozo 1827; Serapias neottia J.F.Gmel. 1791; Serapias tomentosa Vell. 1831; Skeptrostachys sancti-jacobi (Kraenzl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982; Spiranthes jaliscana S. Watson 1891; Spiranthes lanceolata (Aubl.) León 1946; Spiranthes lanceolata var. luteoalba (Rchb.f.) Luer 1972; Spiranthes lanceolata var. paludicola Luer 1971; Spiranthes orchioides (Sw.) A. Rich. 1850; Spiranthes orchioides (Sw.) Hemsl. 1884; Stenorrhynchos apetalum Kraenzl. 1908; Stenorrhynchos aphyllus (Hook.) Lindl 1840; Stenorrhynchos australe var. luteoalbum Rchb.f. 1881; Stenorrhynchos australis Lindl. 1840; Stenorrhynchos australe var. luteoalbum Rchb.f. 1881; Stenorrhynchos cinnabarinum var. luteoalbus (Rchb.f.) W.J.Schrenk 1977; Stenorrhynchos cinnabarinum var. paludicola (Luer) W.J.Schrenk 1977; Stenorrhynchos coccineum (Vell.) Hoehne 1952; Stenorrhynchos guatemalense Schltr. 1918; Stenorrhynchos jaliscana (S. Watson) Nash 1895; Stenorrhynchos lanceolatum (Aubl.) Rich. ex Spreng. 1826; Stenorrhynchos lanceolatum var. luteoalbum (Rchb.f.) W.J.Schrenk 1977; Stenorrhynchos lanceolatum var. paludicola (Luer) W.J.Schrenk 1977; Stenorrhynchos orchioides (Sw.) Richard ex Sprengel 1817; Stenorrhynchos orchioides (Sw.) Richard ex Sprengel 1826; Stenorrhynchos orchioides (Sw.) Richard ex Sprengel var australis [Lindley] Cogn. 1895; Stenorrhynchos orchioides (Sw.) Richard ex Sprengel var plataginea [Hkr.] Lindley 1840; Stenorrhynchos riograndense Kraenzl. 1911; Stenorrhynchos sancti-antonii Kraenzl. 1905; Stenorrhynchos sancti-jacobi Kraenzl. 1908; Stenorrhynchos secundiflorum Lillo & Hauman 1920;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1853 as S orchiodes; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881 as S australis var luteoalbus; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as S orchioides; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as S aphyllus; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as S squamuloum drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Stenorhynchos aphyllus; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Stenorhynchus orchioides; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Spiranthes orchioides drawing good; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 88. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as S speciosus; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 167. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as S orchioides; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as S orchioides drawing fide; Flora Brasilica fasc 8 Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as S australis drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Fasc 8 Vol XII II 13-43 Orchidaceae Hoehne 1945 as S orchioides drawing ok; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Spiranthes orchioides drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Spiranthes orchioides; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Spiranthes lanceolata drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 as Spiranthes lanceolata; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Spiranthes ochioides; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as Spiranthes lanceolata; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969 as Spiranthes orchioides; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970 as Spiranthes lanceolata; Die Orchideen #5 17-20 tafel 6 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as S australis drawing; Die Orchideen #6 21-24 tafel 7 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as S australis drawing; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Spiranthes lanceolata drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as Spiranthes lanceolata drawing/photo fide; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Garay 1978 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 338 Dodson 1980 drawing ok; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1149 Dodson 1984 as Sacoila lanceoalta drawing ok; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985 as Spiranthes lanceolata; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 3 1986; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 6 1986 as Sacoila lanceolata; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Stenorhynchus speciosa = S lanceolata photo fide Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 373 Bennett & Christenson 1995 as Sacoila lanceolata drawing ok; An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 1 1996 photo as S australis; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Sacoila lanceolata drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 12 2001 photo as Sacoila lanceolata var folsomi; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 41 2001 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo Sacoila lanceolata; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Sacoila lanceolata; Orchids Australia Vol 10 No 5 1998 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 5 1999 photo; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing fide; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 as Sacoila lanceolata photo fide; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as Sacoila lanceolata photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide

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