!Stereosandra javanica Blume 1856

Photo by David Kuehn

Common Name The Javanese Stereosandra - In China Rou Yao Lan

Flower Size 1/4" [.9 to 1.1 cm]

Found in Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, the Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon islands, Taiwan, Samoa and the Ryukyu Islands in humid, shady, lowland primary montane forests at elevations around 250 to 1500 meters as a small sized, hot to coolgrowing, mycoheterotrophic terrestrial with an elongated tuber of several short, swollen internodes with erect, pale yellowish shoots carrying a few short sheaths to 16" [40 cm] tall and blooms in the spring on a terminal, 6" [15 cm] long, successively laxly several to many flowered rachis with to 6 flowers open at any one time.

Synonyms Stereosandra javanica var. papuana J.J.Sm. 1929; Stereosandra koidzumiana Ohwi 1937; Stereosandra liukiuensis Tuyama 1938; Stereosandra pendula Kraenzl. 1901

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 1 Ames 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 6 321 - 384 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 drawing fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Samoa Whistler & Cribb 1996 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 41 pg 2565 - 2625 Brieger 2001 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora Malesia Orchids of New Guinea Vol V 2008; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Turczaninowia 2011, 14(2) : 15100 Averyanov 2011 drawing/photo fide; Gard. Bull. Singapore 67[1]:120 Kurzweil & Lwin 2015 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;