!Steveniella satyrioides (Spreng.) Schltr. 1918

Plant In Situ Crimea spring 2008

Photos by Bohdan Synko, Kyiv Orchid Society, Ukraine

S satyrioides var iranica

Photo by Karel Kruetz

Part Sun Part Shade ColdLATESpring

Common Name The Satyrium-Like Steveniella

Flower Size

Found in Caucasus, Transcaucasian region, Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Ukraine (Crimea). This rare species grows in light oak forests, under the shrubs, dry meadows and rocky places in calcareous soils in mountainous regions at elevations of 300 to 1200 meters above sea level as a miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with ovate bulbs and only one elliptic, olive-green or bronze colored leaf 7-12 cm long and 1-2 bracts on the 20-40 cm tall stem, reddish at the full sun. Inflorescence occurs in the spring and consists of 4- 20 small (1-1,5 cm in diameter), non fragrant flowers which vary in colour from completely terracotta-red in sunny places to pale green with purple lip in shadow

Synonyms Coeloglossum satyrioides (Spreng.) Nyman 1855; Habenaria satyrioides (Spreng.) Benth. ex Schltr. 1926; *Himantoglossum satyrioides Spreng 1826; Orchis prosteveniella P.Delforge 2000; Orchis satyrioides Steven 1809; Orchis satyrioides f. longibracteata Wankow 914; ristylus satyrioides (Spreng.) Rchb.f. 1849; Steveniella caucasica Garay 1997; Stevenorchis satyrioides (Spreng.) Wankow & Kraenzl. 1931

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Harvard Papers in Botany #11 50 De Nominus Orchidaceaearum Incunabulorum Garay 1997 as S caucasica; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 40 pg 2492 - 2564 Brieger 2000 as S caucasica; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 6 2008 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #1 2019 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #1 2019 as S satyrioides var iranica photo fide