Tainia penangiana Hook. f. 1890 Photo By Ooi Leng Sun Orchids

Another Flower Photo by David Kuehn

FragranceFull shade WarmCoolWinter

Common Name The Penang Tainia [State in Malaysia] - In China Hua Dai Chun Lan

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Assam, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, lower India, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Vietnam and Taiwan in tropical evergreen forests at elevations of 600 to 1400 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing, deciduous-leafed terrestrial with ovoid pseudobulbs and a single, plicate, elliptic, acute to acuminate leaf that has a long petiole and blooms on a basal, 2' 6" [75 cm] long, glabrous, bracteate, racemose, 5 to 15 flowered inflorescence carrying a few well spaced, simultaneously opening, fragrant flowers that blooms in the winter.

Many sources add T hookeriana as a synonym of this species but if the determination that I have for T hookeriana is correct then there are differences between the 2 in the calli on the lip.

Synonyms Ania borneensis (Rolfe) Senghas 1984; Ania malayana (J.J.Sm.) Senghas 1984; Ania penangiana (Hook.f.) Summerhayes 1939; Ascotainia borneensis Rolfe 1914; Ascotainia penangiana Ridl. 1907; Tainia malayana J.J.Sm. 1932; Tainia rolfei P.F.Hunt 1971; Tainia steenisii J.J.Sm. 1943; Tainia taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1987

References W3 tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1892 drawing ok; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing ok; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Ascotainia penangiana; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 photo fide; Encylopedia of Cultivated Orchids 1965 as Ania penangiana; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 as T steensii; Rudolf Schlcehter Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 as Ania penganiana photo ok; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 as Ania malayana; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Orchid Monographs Vol 6 Seidenfaden 1992 as Ania penangiana A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as T taiwaniana; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Ania penangiana photos fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 Drawing/photo fide;

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