Tainia latifolia (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857


Plant Photos courtesy of Guy Van der Kinderen.

Partial Shade Warm Cool Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Broad Leafed Tainia - In China Kuo Ye Dai Chun Lan

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Text by Guy Van der Kinderen

Found in Bangladesh, Assam, Sikkim, eastern Himalayas, Thailand, Myanmar, Java, Sumatra, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China and Taiwan in tropical valleys and primary forests at elevations around 500 to 1600 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial. The stout, creeping rhizome produces oblique and narrowly tapering, up to 4" [10 cm] long pseudobulbs, enveloped by membranous sheaths. The leaves are leathery, plicated, up to 12" [30 cm] long and 4.8" [12 cm] broad, and with a short petiole. Inflorescences develop at the base of the pseudobulbs and may reach about 3'4" [1 meter] long. Flowers laxly and irregularly implanted, some alone, others in groups along the rachis, and pointing in almost all directions. Sepals and petals purplish-brown, linear obtuse; lip yellow, fan-shaped with recurved side-lobes, and three longitudinal keels. This plant prefers intermediate temperatures, moderate shading, high humidity and good air movement during the growing season. Keep cool and dryer during winter. Cultivate in a mixture containing coarse peat, some humus and a lot of gritty material.

Synonyms *Ania latifolia Lindl. 1831; Cymbidium fuscescens Griff. 1851; Eria angulata Rchb.f. 1872; Eria hologlossa E.C.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874; Eria leucoxantha Rchb.f. 1880; Eulophia hastata Lindl. 1859; Mitopetalum latifolium (Lindl.) Blume 1856; Pinalia angulata (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Tainia angulata (Rchb.f.) Benth. ex Kraenzl. 1911; Tainia cordata Hook.f. 1890; Tainia elliptica Fukuy. 1935; Tainia elongata J.J.Sm. 1910; Tainia hastata (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890; Tainia hologlossa (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Benth. ex Hook.f. 1890; Tainia khasiana Hook.f.1890; Tainia latifolia subsp elongata [J.J.Sm.] H Turner 1992; Tainia shimadae var. elliptica (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977; Tainia tenera J.J.Sm. 1922

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.,f 1855 as Ania latifolia; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1892 as Tainia khasiana drawing ok; Icones Plantarum Vol 21 Hooker 1892 as Tainia hastata drawing ok; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 drawing fide; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as Tainia cordifolia drawing fide; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 1 1980 photo; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas # 43-46 Thuniinae etc 1984 drawing fide; Orchid Monographs Vol 6 Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; Orchid Monographs Vol 6 Seidenfaden 1992 as T latifolia var elongata photo good; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo plant only; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011