Thrixspermum amplexicaule (Bl.) Rchb. f. 1867 SECTION Thrixspermum

Photo by © Art Vogel


Plant in situ Malaysia

Photos by © David Kuehn

Another Flower

Photos by NEG Cruttwell, courtesy of André Schuiteman, Dr. E.F. de Vogel and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website


Common Name The Flower-Stem-Surrounded-By-Leaves Thrixspermum - In China Bao Jing Dian Lan

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

Found in penninsular Thailand, Laos?, Vietnam, Hainan province of China, Andaman Islands, Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and the Philippines in swamp forests, poor grasslands, lower montane forests or on rocks or scambling over small shrubs at elevations of 30 to 1000 meters as a large sized, hot to warm growing, monopodial terrestrial with climbing, pale-yellow-green often spotted purple stems carrying alternate, coriaceous, ovate, basally cordate and clasping, olive green leaves thatblooms in the spring, summer and fall on an axillary, 4 to 10" [10 to 25 cm] long, conspicuously bracteate inflorescence with 2 wide open, successively many flowers produced on a congested rachis.

Synonyms Aerides amplexicaule Lindl. 1833; *Dendrocolla amplexicaulis Blume 1825; Orsidice amplexicaulis Rchb. f. 1854; Orsidice lilacina (Griff.) Rchb. f. 1854; Sarcochilus amplexicaulis Rchb. f. 1864; Sarcochilus lilacinus Griff.1851; Thrixspermum lilacinum (Griff.) Rchb. f. 1868; Thrixspermum oeonioides Schltr. 1919

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Orsidice lilacina; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Orsidice amplexicaule; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Orsidice amplexicaule; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865 as T lilacinum; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttumw 1957 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1963 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 1 Quisumbing 1981; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Opera Botanica #95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing/photo FIDE; Die Orchideen lieferung 22 Schlechter/Brieger 1989; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing ok; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; The Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan Lamb Shim & Wood 1994; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beaman, Wood & Beaman etal 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo ok; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 2 2008; Flora Malesia Orchids of New Guinea Vol V 2008; Wild Orchids of the Cameron Highlands REACH 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 5 2010; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo hmm; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;