Thrixspermum annamense (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 SECTION Dendrocolla

Photo by Ong Poh Teck

Plant and Inflorescence

Photo by Peter O'Byrne and the Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Rernz Herbaria Website.

Fragrance Part Shade Warm Cool fall

Common Name The Annam Thrixspermum - In China Hai Tai Bai Dian Lan

Flower Size .24" [6mm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Thailand, Vietnam and Taiwan in forests on tree trunks at elevations around 600 to 1200 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with a short stem carrying 4 to 5, nearly basal, sometimes purple tinged, narrowly oblong, leathery, acute and slightly bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the fall on a 2.4 to 3.6" [6 to 9 cm] long, slender, becoming thicker distally, densely many flowered inflorescence with 2 to 3 sheaths and persistent, ovate floral bracts and carrying fragrant, successively opening, short-lived flowers

Synonyms *Ascochilus annamensis Guillaumin 1961; Thrixspermum austrosinense Tang & F.T.Wang 1974; Thrixspermum devolium T.P.Lin & C.C.Hsu 1977

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Botanisk Tidsskrift Bild 70 Hft 1 Contributions to the flora of Thailand VI Seidenfaden 1975; Opera Botanica #95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 22 1329 - 1392 Brieger 1989 as T austrosinense; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo not; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo hmm; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Liu & Wang 2014 photos fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 18 2016 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;