Thrixspermum clavatum (J.Koenig) Garay 1972 SECTION Dendrocolla Photo by Phil And Angie's Online Garden Website

Drawing of T ciliatum Drawing by Seidenfaden and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Full shade Hot Spring Fall

Common Name The Club-Shaped Thrixspermum

Flower Size .6 to .96" [1.5 to 2.4 cm]

Found in India, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo in mixed lowland forests at elevations of sea level to 400 meters as a small sized, hot growing epiphyte with an erect, terete stem carrying leathery, often purple suffused and or spotted, strap shaped, unequally bilobed apically, narrowing towards the base leaves that blooms in the spring and fall on several, erect-spreading, peduncle .8 to 2.4" [2 to 6 cm] long, slender, terete, few bracted, rachis to .6" [1.5 cm] long, successively single, 10 to 20 flowered inflorescence with close set, lanceolate, acute, shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Dendrocolla maculata Ridl. 1896; *Epidendrum clavatum J.Koenig 1791; Gastrochilus clavatus (J.Koenig) Kuntze 1891; Limodorum clavatum (J.Koenig) Willd. 1805; Saccolabium clavatum (J.Koenig) Lindl. 1833; Thrixspermum ciliatum Schltr. 1906; Thrixspermum infractum Schltr. 1906; Thrixspermum ridleyanum Schltr. 1911; Thrixspermum rubrocallosum Carr 1929

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora of Malaya Holttum 1957 as T ridleyanum; Flora of Malaya Holttum 1957 as T rubrocallosum; Opera Botanica #95 Seidenfaden 1988 drawing fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 as T ridleyanum drawing fide; A Checklist Of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 as T ridleyanum; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2002 as T ciliata drawing fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 as T ridleyanum photo good; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 5 2010 as T ridleyanum; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 as T ridleyanum photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 as T ridleyanum photo fide

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