Thrixspermum subulatum (Blume) Rchb.f. 1868 SECTION Dendrocola

Inflorescence Photos by Irawan Sugiaritono

Part Shade Hot CoolSpring

Common Name or Meaning The Tapering Thrixspermum [Possibly refers to the apex of the leaves] - In China Hou Ye Bai Dian Lan

Flower Size 5/8" [1.8 cm]

Found in Taiwan, Thailand, Java, Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi and Sumatra along streams on tree trunks at elevations of sealevel to 1000 meters as a medium to giant sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with orange tipped roots, a pendulous, flattened, frequently branched stems enveloped completely by persisitent sheaths and carrying leathery, mostly curved, deeply channeled, acute, abruptly narrowed apically leaves that blooms in the spring on a short to .6" [1.5 cm] long, 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence with a rachis that is thickened towards the apex and has not distichous, ovate-triangular, very small floral bracts.

Synonyms Aerides subulata (Blume) Lindl. 1833; *Dendrocolla subulata Blume 1825; Sarcanthus timorensis Decne. 1834; Sarcochilus croceus Lindl. 1846; Sarcochilus subulatus (Blume) Rchb.f. 1863; Thrixspermum croceum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1868; Thrixspermum falcilobum Schltr. 1906

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Dendrocolla subulata; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865 as Thrixspermum croceum; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Die Orchideen lieferung 22 Schlechter/Brieger 1989; The Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo ok; The Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 2 2008; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan Liu & Wang 2014 photos fide;