!Thunia alba (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1852 Photo courtesy of David P. Banks Australia Copyright Control

Lip Detail Photos by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Fragrant Part sun Warm to Cold MID Summer

Common Name The White Thunia - In China Sun Lan - In Thailand Chang Nga Diao - Phothuki

Flower Size 3 1/2" [8.75 cm]

This is the type species for the genus occuring as a large sized, cool to warm growing, deciduous-leafed terrestrial or lithophyte found in the western Himalayas, China, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam on the ground on rocks and in tree forks at elevations of 1000 to 2300 meters with elongate, tufted, erect stems carrying 2 ranked, elliptic-lanceolate, sessile, tapering towards the apex, thinly fleshy, glaucous leaves that blooms in the mid summer in the northern hemispere on a terminal, to 12" [to 30 cm] long, loosely 5 to 10 flowered inflorescence with ovate-oblong floral bracts and hanging very fragrant flowers that often do not open fully.

Synonyms Phaius albus Lindl. 1828; Phaius bensoniae Benth. 1881; Phaius marshalliae auct 1871; Phaius niveus Hemsl. 1882; Phaius marshallianus var. purpurata (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1889; Phaius marshallianus var. triloba (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1889; Thunia nivalis (Hemsl.) Rchb.f. 1888

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Phajus albus drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Phajus albus; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 2 1964 drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo not = T marshaliana; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo good; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 1 Tanaka 2003; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo not = T marshalliana; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide