!Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt. 1818 Photo by Jim Fowler and his P-Base Orchid North American Orchid Website

Inflorescence Photo by Mike and Candy Joehrendt

Flower Closeup Photo by Eric Hunt

Plant in situ Photo by Zachary Bradford


Common Name Crane Fly Orchid - The Different Colored Tipularia

Flower Size about 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in the northeastern USA south to Florida and west to Nebraska and Texas as a medium sized. cold to cool growing terrestrial in deciduous and coniferous forests along banks of streams with subterranean tubers giving rise to a solitary, erect, broad, dark green above and purple below leaf and blooms on an erect, very slender, 4 to 18" [10 to 45 cm] long, racemose, many [20 to 40] flowered inflorescence with successive opening flowers occuring in the late spring to early fall.

Synonyms Limodorum unifolium Muhl. ex Nutt. 1818; *Orchis discolor Pursh 1814; Plectrurus discolor (Pursh) Raf. 1825; Tipularia unifolia (Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. ?

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 6 1966; The Native Orchids Of Florida Luer 1972 Drawing/photo fide;The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 ; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 leaf only photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #2 2018 Photo fide