!Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt. 1818

Photo by Jim Fowler and his P-Base Orchid North American Orchid Website


Photo by Mike and Candy Joehrendt

Flower Closeup

Photo by Eric Hunt

Plant in situ

Photo by Zachary Bradford


Common Name Crane Fly Orchid - The Different Colored Tipularia

Flower Size about 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in the northeastern USA south to Florida and west to Nebraska and Texas as a medium sized. cold to cool growing terrestrial in deciduous and coniferous forests along banks of streams with subterranean tubers giving rise to a solitary, erect, broad, dark green above and purple below leaf and blooms on an erect, very slender, 4 to 18" [10 to 45 cm] long, racemose, many [20 to 40] flowered inflorescence with successive opening flowers occuring in the late spring to early fall.

Synonyms Limodorum unifolium Muhl. ex Nutt. 1818; *Orchis discolor Pursh 1814; Plectrurus discolor (Pursh) Raf. 1825; Tipularia unifolia (Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. ?

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 6 1966; The Native Orchids Of Florida Luer 1972 Drawing/photo fide;The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 drawing/photos fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 5 1966 ; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 5 1987 leaf only photo fide; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; AOS Bulletin vol 78 No 11 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #6 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #7 2010 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #2 2018 Photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #11 2019 photo fide;