Trichosalpinx blaisdellii (S. Watson) Luer 1983 SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Another Flower

Photo by Patricia Harding

Plant and Flower in situ Panama

Photo by Wilfried Löderbusch




Drawings by © Carl Luer and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Webpage

Part shadeCold HotLATE Spring to EARLY Winter

Common Name Blaisdell's Trichosalpinx [Australian Collector and Plantation manager in Guatemala 1800's]

Flower Size .12" [3mm]

Found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, western Colombia and Ecuador in tall evergreen rain forests at elevations of 200 to 2500 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cold growing epiphyte with ramicauls enveloped by several loose, acuminate, ciliate, lepanthiform sheaths and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, narrowly elliptic, acute, gradually narrows below into the conduplicate petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late spring through early winter on an erect, arising from the leaf base, peduncle filiiform, .2 to .8" [.5 to 2 cm] long, short, .6 to 1.6" [1.5 to 4 cm] long overall, lax to subdense, simultaneously several flowerd inflorescence with shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

Characterized by a relatively stout, more or less erect ramicaul and an elliptical leaf either narrow or broad. The short, congested inflorescence is shorter than the elaf. The sepals are variously ciliate, occasionally glabrous [what was T tamayoana second Luer drawing above]. The connivent lateral sepals recurvein varying degrees. As happens in the Pleurothallidinae "giant" flowers sometimes occur. Sepals very in length from .12" [3 mm] to as long as .4" [1 cm] without morphological differences. A distinctive large variation was recognized as T lankesteriana [the third Luer drawing above]. The petals are variously ciliate. The lip is oblong, obtuse or rounded apically, with ciliate margins and with a low, rounded, more or less cellular callus at the base." Luer 1997

Synonyms *Pleurothallis blaisdellii S. Watson 1888; Pleurothallis peraltensis Ames 1923; Pleurothallis standleyi Ames 1925; Trichosalpinx lankesteriana Luer 1996; Trichosalpinx tamayoana Soto Arenas 1987

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 23: 284. 1888 as Pleurothallis blaisdellii; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Pleurotyhallis blaisdellii drawing fide; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952 as Pleurothallis blaisdelii drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 Pleurothallis blaisdellii; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 as Pleurothallis blaisdellii drawing fide/photo hmm; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 as Pleurothallis blaisdellii drawing = T patula; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 as Pleurothallis blaisdellii drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Pleurothallis baisdellii drawing = T patula; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Pleurohtallis blaisdellii drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1249 Dodson 1984 as Pleurothallis blaisdellii drawing fide; ORQUIDEA (Méx. ) 10 (2) 1987 photo/drawing fide; ORQUIDEA (Méx. ) 10 (2) Soto Arenas 1987 as T tamoyoana photo/drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XV Systematics of Trichosalpinx Luer 1997 drawings fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 drawing fide; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; Diversity of Pleurothallidinae in Guatemala: An Endangered Orchid Subtribe with High Economic and Horticultural Potentials Edgar Mo Mo, Cetzal, Basu and Vega 2017 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 as T tamayoana