Trichosalpinx dura (Lindl.) Luer 1893 SUBGENUS Tubella Luer 1986

Inflorescence Photos by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Flower Closeup

Plant and Flowers Photo by © Milan Vágner

Plant and Flowers in situ Ecuador Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Part shadeCool to Warm Summerand Winter

Common Name The Rigid Trichosalpinx [refers to the leaves]

Flower Size 3/8" [1 cm]

Found from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Surinam, Venezuela, Brazil, Cuba, Jamaica, Leewards, Puerto Rico,Trinidad and Tobago and the Windwards as a miniature sized, caespitose, warm to cool growing epiphyte in wet montane forests at elevations of 700 to 2000 meters with a very slender , jointed, ramicaul with 4 to 6 nodes each with a lepanthiform sheath with hairy margins and an apical, single obovate, attenuate, rounded, emarginate, apiculate, subcoriaceous, olive green, gradually narrowing below into the base leaf with 3 red-purple stripes on the underside that blooms on an apical, 2" [5cm] long, longer than the leaf, laxly flowered, racemose inflorescence that has several flowers opening simultaneously and occuring in the summer and winter.

Synonyms Humboldtia dura (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia foliata (Griseb.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia dura (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia foliata (Griseb.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis anomala Hoehne 1929; Pleurothallis broadwayi Ames 1908; Pleurothallis broadwayi subsp. anomala (Hoehne) Garay 1929; Pleurothallis corazonica F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899; *Pleurothallis dura Lindl. 1859; Pleurothallis foliata Griseb. 1864; Pleurothallis guadalaupensis Cogn. 1909; Pleurothallis lepanthopsis Schltr. 1916; Pleurothallis williamsii Ames 1922; Trichosalpinx foliata (Griseb.) Luer 1983; Trichosalpinx pyxos (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 1983; Tubella dura (Lindl.) Archila 2000

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Pleurothallis foliata; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Pleurothallis guadalupensis; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Pleurothallis broadwayi; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as P guadalupensis; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939 as P broadwayi drawing good; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Pleurothallis broadwayii drawing fide; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952 as Pleurothallis broadwayii drawing good; ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Pleurothallis foliata drawing not?; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Pleurothallis broadwayi; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 as Pleurothallis arbuscula drawing fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 as Pleurothallis foliata drawing ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 as Pleurothallis foliata drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as P foliata drawing hmm; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Pleurothallis arbuscula drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Pleurothallis foliata drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 227 Dodson 1980 as Pleurotallis dura drawing fide ; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Pleurothallis foliata drawing not/photo not; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1252 Dodson 1985 as Pleurothallis foliata drawing fide; Catologo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987 as Pleurothallis foliata; Catologo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna 1987 as Pleurothallis guadelupensis; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 393 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora of Peurto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XV Systematics of Trichosalpinx Luer 1997 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide; The Organ Mountain Range Its History and Its Orchids Miller, Warren, Miller and Seehawer 2008 as P foliata drawing fide; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide

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