Trichotosia pulvinata (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1911

Photo by J.R.Haager and the The Teplice Botanical Garden in Czech

Front View

Photo by Karel Petrzelka and the Vietnam Orchid Website


Common Name The Cushion-Shaped Trichotosia [refers to the callus of the lip] - In China Gao Jing Mao Qiao Lan

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Assam, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Yunnan province of China and Vietnam in tropical valleys at elevations of 300 to 1200 meters as a miniature to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with a pendent, cylindric, hispid stem carrying many, narrowly lanceolate, acute to acuminate, sessile, reddish pubescent, jointed leaves that blooms in the spring on a short, arising opposite the leaves, hispid, 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence with a basal, ovate sheath and cordate, concave, hispid floral bracts

Synonyms Eria annulata Lindl. 1858; Eria cristata Ridl.1903; Eria helleri A.D.Hawkes 1957; *Eria pulvinata Lindl. 1858; Eria rufinula Rchb.f. 1863; Pinalia pulvinata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pinalia rufinula (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, 1891; Trias pulvinata (Lindl.) Mason 1860; Trichotosia cristata Kraenzl. 1911; Trichotosia rufinula (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Eria rufinula drawing fide; Flora of the Malayan Penninsula Ridley 1908 as Eria cristata; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 as Eria rufinula; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 as Eria helleri; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as Eria rufinula drawing good; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975 as E rufinula; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 as Eria rufinula drawing ok; Opera Botanica #62 Orchid Genera in Thailand X Seidenfaden 1982 drawing good/photo ok; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing hmm; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 Drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;