!Tridactyle bicaudata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

Photo by Patricia Harding

Plant and Flowers in situ

Photo by D C H Plowes

Fragrance Part shadeHot to Cool Summer

Common Name The Two-Toothed Tridactyle

Flower Size less than 1/2" [1.2 cm]

Found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cape Province, Natal, and Transvaal South Africa in forests and woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 2500 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing, epiphytic, lithophytic or rarely terrestrial, monopodial orchid with slender, erect to pendulous stems that are leafy in the upper half, carrying 8 to 14, distichous, ligulate, spreading, unequally roundly, bilobed apically leaves articulated to the basal persistent leaf sheaths that blooms on a densely many [8 to 16] flowered, to 5" [12.5 cm] long, spreading inflorescence arising on the stem below the leaves with the fragrant flowers in 2 rows and all facing the same way and occuring in the summer. This species is best grown in a basket with a coarse bark mix with light to moderate shade and cool to warm temperatures.

Synonyms Angorchis bicaudata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 ; *Angraecum bicaudatum Lindl. 1836; Angraecum fimbriatum Rendle 1895; Angraecum laciniatum Kraenzl. 1929; Eulophia angustifolia Eckl. & Zey. ?; Listrostachys bicaudata (Lindl.) Finet 1907; Listrostachys cirrhosa Kraenzl. 1904; Listrostachys fimbriata (Rendle) Kraenzl. 1904; Rhaphidorhynchus fimbriatus (Rendle) Finet 1907; Tridactyle fimbriata (Rendle) Schltr. 1915; Tridactyle polychista Schltr. ex Mansf. 1932; Tridactyle pulchella Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #10 1967 photo ok; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 photo ok; The Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi Morris 1970 draqwing fide; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawing fide; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Malawi Orchids vol 1 La Croix 1983 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 9 1984 photo fide; Rudolph Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 16/17/18 945-1128 Brieger 1985 drawing/photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997 photo ok; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998 photo ; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 as T bicaudata var rupestris; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 drawing/photo fide; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006 photo fide; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006 as T bicaudata var rupestris; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008; Orchid Digest Vol 77 #3 2013 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 89 #1 2020 photo fide