!Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb. 1901

Another Angle

Another Angle Photo courtesy of David Mcadoo

Part sunWarm to Cool SummerLATEFall

Common Name The Three Flowered Triphora - The Three Birds Orchis - The Nodding Pogonia

Flower Size .4 to .8" [1 to 2 cm]

Found in southeastern Canada & eastern United states to Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador and Panama at elevations up to 1600 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool to warm growing terrestrial orchid with an erect stem carrying 2 to 8, broadly ovate to cordate, dark green with a purple cast or as in the forma rossii the stems and leaves are white, pink and yellow and blooms in the mid summer through late fall on an erect, axillary, 1 to 25 nodding flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Arethusa pendula Muhl. ex Willd. 1805; Arethusa trianthophoros Sw. 1800; Pogonia mexicana S. Watson 1891; Pogonia trianthophora (Sw.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 1888; Triphora mexicana (S. Watson) Schltr. 1921; Triphora pendula (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. 1818; Triphora trianthophora f. albidoflava P.E.Keenan 1992; Triphora trianthophora f. caerulea P.M.Br. 2001; Triphora trianthophora f. rossii P.M.Br. 1999; Triphora trianthophora subsp. mexicana (S. Watson) Medley 1991; Triphora trianthophora var. mexicana (S.Watson) P.M.Br. 2006; Triphora trianthophora var. schaffneri Camp 1940; Triphora trianthophora var. texensis P.M.Br. & Rich.B.Pike 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as Pogonia mexicana; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen #7 25-28 tafel 8 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 drawingfide; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing fide/photo ok; AOS Bulletin vol 53 no 7 1984 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 55 No 7 1986 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 1 1988 photo; Schlechteriana Vol 4 No 4 1993; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo;

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