Vanilla aphylla Blume 1852 SUBGENUS Xanata SECTION Tethya

Photo by Ronald Achacoso and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower


Photos by David Jubineau Copyright

Full sun HotLATE Fall

Common Name The Leafless Vanilla - In Thailand Khot nok kut, Khruea ngu khiao, Thao ngu khiao

Flower Size 1.2 to 1.8 [3 to 4.5cm]

Found in Jamaica?, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, penninsular Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Java in broadleafed, evergreen, humid primary forests in soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses as a large sized, hot growing epiphyte at elevations of 20 to 500 meters with a somewhat flattened, green, angular, fleshy stem with 6 to 8 cm long internodes and has leaves reduced to small triangular, green scales that blooms in the late spring, summer and fall with clusters of 3 to 4 flowers on a very short inflorescence.

"This is the commonest leafless Vanilla of SE Asia. The lip of the specimen of V. parishii at Kew bears scattered hairs on the side lobes of the lip, and it is not clear if this represents a distinct character or if, as proposed by Seidenfaden, they are pieces of veins that have broken due to much boiling. Vanilla aphylla is closely related to V. wightii of India." Soto Arenas & Cribb 2010

Synonyms Vanilla calopogon Rchb.f. 1878; Vanilla parishii Rchb.f. 1878

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as V parishii; The Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/95 as Vanilla parishii; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1953; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; The Complete Writings on Philippine Orchids Vol 2 Quisumbing 1981 as V calopogon drawing fide; Orchidiana Philippiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1986 as V calopogon drawing fide; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 4 1993 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchid Digest Vol 72 No 3 2008 photo fide; Lankesteriana 9(3): 355-398 Soto Arenas & Cribb 2010; Lankesteriana 9(3): 355-398 Soto Arenas & Cribb 2010 as V calopogon; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #5 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #3 2019 photo fide; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 21 2018 drawing/photo fide