Vanilla crenulata Rolfe 1896

Leaf Drawings by M Allard/Geerink

Full shade Hot Warm

Common Name The Crenulate Vanilla

Flower Size

Found in Sierra Leone, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Gulf Of Guinea Islands, Gabon, Congo and Zaire in gallery forests at lower elevations as a large to giant sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial vine with an elongate climbing stem carrying oblong to elliptic, elongate cusp, petiolate base leaves that blooms on a compact, sometimes branched, .6 to 2.4" [1.5 to 6 cm] long, 5 to 12 flowered inflorescence with serrate, the inferiors often foliaceous or suborbicular and carrying mauve to rose colored flowers.

The first Drawing [K] above is a side view of the lip and gynostemium.

The stems of this species in Zaire are used to make the strings for a mandolin-like instrument called koudi.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 drawing fide;