Vanilla gardneri Rolfe 1895 SUBGENUS Xanata SECTION Xanata Drawing by © Hoehne and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Common Name Gardner's Vanilla [English Botanist and Orchid Collector 1800's]

Flower Size

Found in Venezuela and northern Brazil as a viney terrestrial

"The entire, rhombic, subacute to obtuse lip of this species is very characteristic, and similar only to the Central American V. dressleri. It has also the thickened veins in the lip apex and the distichous arrangement of the basal bracts of the inflorescence characteristic of the V. hostmanii group. The species seem to be rare and we are basing our concept of this entity upon Hoehne´s published drawing and the lectotype, since other materials are fragmentary or inadequate, and characters of the surface of sepals and ovary, typical of the V. hostmanii group, have not been examined. The information on the lectotype, in Rolfe’s handwriting, was probably obtained from a Gardner’s note in Hooker, London Journal of Botany 1: p. 542; cited in the protologue. The original data are “245. Vanilla sp. Scentless. Climbing on the stump of an old Tree. Rio Comprido [?] common in the woods about Rio but seldom seen in flower. I could barely obtain 2 flowers. March 1836.”" Soto Arenas & Cribb 2010

Synonyms Vanilla carinata Rolfe 1896

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Fasc. 8 Vol XII II 13 - 43 Completo Hoehne 1945 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Lankesteriana 9(3): 355-398 Soto Arenas & Cribb 2010