Vanilla phaeantha Rchb.f. 1865

Plant

Seed Pods Photos by David McAdoo

partial shade Hot Warm spring Summer

Common Name The Black-Brown Flowered Vanilla

Flower Size 7.2" [18 cm]

Found in Florida, El Salvador, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Leewards, Windwards, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago in deep forests in shade at elevations of sealevel to 700 meters as a large sized, hot to warm growing terrestro/epiphyte with an elongate, stout, fractiflex from node to node, round in cross-section stem carrying fleshy, oblong, acute leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on an axillary, to 2" [to 5 cm] long, few flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Vanilla planifolia var. macrantha Griseb 1866

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 28 No 5 1959; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok could this be swapped with their drawing of V pompona; Las Orquideas De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000

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