!Warrea warreana (Lodd. ex Lindl.) C. Schweinf. 1955 Photo by Luciano Zandona' and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower?

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Anthony Warfield

Another Flower?

Flower Closeup? Photos by Jay Pfahl

Plant Photo courtesy of Pablo Naumann of Argentina

FragrancePart shade Hot Warm LATE Summerand Fall

Common Name Warre's Warrea [English Orchid Collector 1800's]

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

Found from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, the Guianas, Paraguay and Brazil at elevations of 200 to 1000 meters as a large sized, hot to warm growing, caespitose terrestrial from wet montane forests, scrub and lower cloud forests in humid, shady spots, with an ovate-cylindric, tapered pseudobulb enveloped by plicate, erect, lanceolate, acuminate, ribbed leaves with the conduplicate bases imbricate and the blades progressively larger from the base upwards that blooms an an axillary, erect, stout, 2 1/2' [70 cm] long, racemose, several [4 to 10] flowered, dark purple inflorescence with tubular scarious sheaths and faintly fragrant, long-lasting, heavy-textured flowers held well above the leaves occuring in the late summer and fall.

The second [from Brazil] and fourth photos are different than all the species visited here in Warrea as the callus structure has only one tooth. I put it here because at least this one has the large central callus. The only other described species comes from Peru and the fourth and fifth one were photographed in Colombia although not in situ. References are far and few between on this genus.

Synonyms Aganisia tricolor (Lindl.) Bois 1885; *Maxillaria warreana Lodd. ex Lindl. 1832; Warrea speciosa Schltr. 1929; Warrea tricolor Lindl. 1843; Warrea tricolor var bidentata Stein 1892; Warrea tricolor var stapelioides Rchb.f 1872; Warrea tricolor var unijugata [Regel] Rchb.f 1861; Warrea unijugata Regel 1855;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as Warrea tricolor drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as W tricolor; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as W tricolor drawing good; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten IV Peru Schlechter 1921 as W speciosa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942 as Warrea tricolor drawing hmm; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 500 Dodson 1981 drawing hmm; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0397 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing good for 1st photo hmm for rest; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 398 Bennett & Christenson 1995 drawing fide for 3rd & 4th photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo not = Warreella cyanea; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 Drawing/photo fide for 1st & 2nd photo; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo ok; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo hmm; Orchid Species Of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide

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