Xylobium leontoglossum (Rchb. f.) Rolfe 1889

Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Plant and Flowers in situ Cundinamarca Colombia

Photo by Andreas Philipp


Immature Plant in situ Valle de Cocora Quindio Colombia Elevation 2400 to 2800 meters

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Common Name The Lion's Tongue Xylobium

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru at elevations around 2000 meters as a large sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or occasional terrestrial with close set, ovoid-ellipsoid pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, lanceolate-elliptic to elliptic-oblong, acute, gradually narrowing below into the cuneate, sulcate, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the winter on a lateral, semi-erect, 15" [37.5 cm] long, racemose, rather loosely several to many flowered inflorescence arising on a newly matured pseudobulb with 3 to 4 loose, tubular, remote bracts and very small floral bracts.

Synonyms *Maxillaria leontoglossa Rchb. f. 1855; Xylobium gracile Schltr. 1921; Xylobium squalens var. gracile (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1944

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as X gracile; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:83 Schlechter 1924; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 6 Dunsterville & Garay 1976 drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 30 1841 - 1904 Brieger 1994; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 5 Dodson 2004 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;