Zeuxine philippinensis (Ames) Ames 1938

Leaves

White lipped variety

Photos by Kazuhiro Suzuki courtesy of Rediscovery of Zeuxine boninensis (Orchidaceae) from the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands and Taxonomic Reappraisal of the Species Website

Common Name The Bonin Zeuxine [An old name for the Ogasawara Islands Japan] - Japan Munin-kinuran

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found on the eastern Himalayas, Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan provinces of China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Ogasawara Islands Japan and Taiwan on semi-shady, rocky slopes facing south with shallow soil at the edge of scrub-forest at around 700 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold growing terrestrial with a rhizome giving rise to an erect stem carrying 5, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, abruptly narrowing below into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on an erect, peduncle 5" [12.5 cm] long, provided with 2 sterile bracts, hairy, rachis 1" [2.5 cm] long, 8 flowered inflorescence.

In 1898 King and Pantling confused this species with Z flava and so it was placed there, then Garay & Sweet in 1976 considered to be a synonym of Z parviflora but recent research has confirmed its distinctness.

Synonyms Zeuxine boninensis var. actinomorpha T.Yukawa 2018; Zeuxine gracilis var. sakagutii (Tuyama) T.Hashim. 1986; Zeuxine sakagutii Tuyama 1936; Zeuxine taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1987; Zeuxine uraiensis S.S.Ying 1988

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Z flava drawing fide; Orchids of the Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 as Z leucochila; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 as Z parvifolia drawing fide; Rediscovery of Zeuxine boninensis (Orchidaceae) from the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands and Taxonomic Reappraisal of the SpeciesTomohisa Yukawa1, Yumi Yamashita, Koji Takayama, Dairo Kawaguchi, Chie Tsutsumi, Huai-Zhen Tian and Hidetoshi Kato 2018 photo fide

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