!Zootrophion atropurpureum [Lindley]Luer 1982

Photos by Eric Hunt

Part shadeWarm LATE Summerto Winter

Common Name The Black Purple Zootrophion

Flower Size 1/2" [2 cm]

Found in Jamaica, Cuba, Hispanola, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru? and Bolivia? in wet montane forests on trees, logs and banks in hilly woods, elevations of 400 to 1300 meters as a miniature to small sized, from that is a hot to warm growing creeping epiphyte or rarely terrestrial species with erect, short stems enveloped basally by several scarious, inflated sheaths and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, erect, obovate-elliptic, subobtuse, shortly petiolate leaf. It needs regular waterings year round and likes moderate shade, and it blooms on an apical, shorter than the leaf, single flowered inflorescence occuring from late summer through the winter with non-fragrant single flowers.

Synonyms Cryptophoranthus atropurpureus [Lindley]Rolfe 1887; Cryptophoranthus schenckii Cogn. 1907; Humboldtia atropurpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Masdevallia fenestrata Lindley ex Hooker 1845; Pleurothallis atropurpurea [Lindley]Lindley 1836; *Specklinia atropurpurea Lindley 1838; Specklinia atropurpurea Lindl. 1842; Zootrophion fenestratum (Lindl. ex Hook.) Rysy 2009; Zootrophion schenckii (Cogn.) Luer 1986

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Cryptophoranthus atropurpureus;

Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 drawing fide;

Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Cryptophoranthus atropurpureum;

Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as Cryptophoranthus atropurpureus Drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 7 1958 as Cryptophoranthus atro-puroureum drawing fide;

Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Cryptophoranthus atropurpureus drawing good;

Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 7 385 - 448 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1975;

Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as Cryptophoranthus fenestratus drawing fide

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 035 Dodson 1980 as Cryptophoranthus atropurpureus drawing ok;

The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide;

Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994 as Cryptophoranthus schenkii;

Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 ;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 drawing fide;

Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 88 #9 2019 photo fide;

Zootrophion atropurpureum [Lindley]Luer 1982 forma xanthina Photo by Jay Pfahl

A yellow color form of the previous species.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide