!Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. 1911 SECTION Zeuzine

Plant in situ Florida

Photos by Carl Luer


Photo by Jim Comber, Dr. E.F. de Vogel Andre Schuiteman and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website. and Flora Malesiana Vol III

Another Flower

Photo by Weyman Bussey

Flower Closeup

Flower Closeup Side View

Photos by P. A. Mahon

Part sunHot to Cool Winterand EARLY Spring

Common Name Zeuxine Orchid - The Field Zeuxine - The Soldier's Lawn Orchid - In China Xian Zhu Lan

Flower Size less than 1/2" [1.5 cm]

Found in the old world in Turkmenistan, Tazikistan, Uzbeckistan, Afghanistan, Iran, China, western Himalayas, Pakistan, Assam, India, Sri Lanka, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Myanamar, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, Taiwan, the Ryukyus and Japan and has been introduced to south Florida, Mexico and south through the Americas as well as Saudia Arabia as a mini-miniature to small sized, cool to hot growing terrestrial of open grasslands with a creeping, fleshy rhizome carrying erect, leafy pale brown stems carrying suberect to erect, conduplicate, linear-tapering, acute, pinkish-buff leaves articulated below to the basal leaf sheaths that blooms in the winter and early spring on a terminal, 5/8" to 1 4/5" [1.5 to 4.5 cm] long, densly 2 to many flowered, cylindrical rachis with lanceolate, acuminate, papery, reddish brown, longer than the flowers floral bracts.

Synonyms Adenostylis emarginata Blume 1825; Adenostylis integerrima Blume 1825; Adenostylis strateumatica (L.) Ames 1908; Adenostylis sulcata (Lindl.) Hayata 1917; Neottia strateumatica (L.) R.Br. 1810; *Orchis strateumatica L. 1717; Spiranthes strateumatiaca (L.) Lindl.; Strateuma zeylanica Raf. 1836; Zeuxine bonii Gagnep 1931; Zeuxine bracteata Wight 1851; Zeuxine brevifolia Wight 1851; Zeuxine emarginata (Blume) Lindl. 1840; Zeuxine integerrima (Blume) Lindl. 1840; Zeuxine procumbens Blume 1858; Zeuxine robusta Wight 1851; Zeuxine rupicola Fuk. 1935; Zeuxine strateumatica f. rupicola (Fukuy.) T.Hashim. 1986; Zeuxine strateumatica var. laxiflora I.Barua 2001; Zeuxine strateumatica var. rupicola (Fukuy.) S.S.Ying 1977; Zeuxine sulcata Lindley 1840; Zeuxine stenochila Schltr. 1925; Zeuxine wariana Schltr. 1911

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Z emarginata; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Z sulcata drawing ok; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Z sulcata; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Z sulcata; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as Z sulcata drawing ok; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908 as Adenostylis strateumatica ; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1911 as Z wariana drawing good; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing not = Z membranacea; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 #4 1968 photo fide; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photos fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 3 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 32 nr 2 Orchids of Thailand VI Neottiideae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Fairchild Tropical Garden Bulletin Vol 47 No 2 1992 photo; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing not = Z membranacea; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 drawing/photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 7 1995 drawing fide; An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 4 2000; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 7 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Orchid Flora Of Kamrup District Assam Iswar Chandra Barua 2001 drawing ok; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 7 2004 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 2 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing/photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo fide; Orchids of Vietnam, Illustrated survey, part 1 Averyanov 2008; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 #2 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #10 2010 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo plant only; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide/photo good; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #1 2019 photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo