Zygopetalum maxillare Lodd. 1832 Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

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Common Name The Chin-Bone Zygopetalum

Flower Size 2 1/2" [6 cm]

Found in montane rainforests in southeastern Brazil and Paraguay, this small to medium sized, cool to warm growing epiphyte occurs at elevations of 600 to 1000 meters with ovoid, slightly compressed pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3, apical, conspicuously veined, narrowly lanceolate, subacuminate leaves that blooms on a lateral, to 15" [37 cm]long, racemose, several [5 to 8] flowered inflorescence with fragrant, waxy, long-lived flowers occuring in the summer in Brazil.

Synonyms Eulophia maxillaris (Lodd.) G.Don 1850; Zygopetalum gautieri Lem. 1867; Zygopetalum hasslerianum Krnzl. 1906; Zygopetalum mandibulare Rchb.f 1877; Zygopetalum maxillare var gautieri [Lem]Regel 1869; Zygopetalum maxillare var sanderianum [Regel] Cogn. 1902; Zygopetalum sanderae Sander 1927 ; Zygopetalum sanderianum Regel 1888

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Z maxillare var gautieri drawing good; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Z sanderianum drawing good; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Z maxillare var gautieri; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Z maxillare var sanderianum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo plant only; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 column only drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 36 No 4 1972 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 56 No 11 1987 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 3/339 1991 photo; Die Orchideen lieferung 27 Schlechter/Brieger 1993 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen lieferung 27 Schlechter/Brieger 1993 as Z rigbyanum; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 photo fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; AOS Bulletin Vol 9 1996 photo; Orchid Australia Vol 12 No 5 2000 photo; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilense I Plate 097 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing fide; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 71 No 1 2007 photo;

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