Bifrenaria aureofulva [Hooker] Lindley 1843 SECTION Stenocoryne

Side View Photos by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Species Photo Website

Striped Flower Variety Photo by Oliver Lenhard


Common Name The Golden-Red-Yellow Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

This one bounces back and forth to Stenocoryne so the info is in both spots

A small sized, hot to cool growing epiphytic orchid from central to southern coastal Brazil found at elevations of 200 to 1500 meters in mountainous rain forests, with conic-tetragonic pseudobulbs that are initially enveloped basally by leafless sheaths, becoming bare in time. They carry a single, apical, coriaceous, plicate, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate leaf that blooms in the summer on a basal, erect to pendulous, 5 to 12" [12 to 30 cm] long, few to several [3 to 15] flowered inflorescence arising on a newly maturing pseudobulb and carries nodding, fragrant blooms.

This species can be mounted on tree fern, or in a pot with a fast draining medium, cool to warm temperatures, bright light and plenty of water while growing and a dry rest in the winter.

Synonyms Adipe aureofulva (Hook.) M. Wolfe 1990; Bifrenaria secunda [Vell.] Hoehne 1967; Epidendrum secundum Vell. 1881; *Maxillaria aureo-fulva Hooker 1838; Maxillaria stenopetala Knowles & Westcott 1838; Stenocoryne aureofulva [Hooker]Kraenzl. 1896; Stenocoryne secunda [Vell]Hoehne 1944

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne secunda drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1987 as Stenocoryne secunda; Flora Brasilica Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne secunda; Orchidaceae Brasilense Pabst & Dungs 1970; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 as B secundadrawing fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1982; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as Adipe aureofulva drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses I Plate 003 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 2 Encyclias Campacci 2003; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; Orchidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Vol 4 Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 #6 2017 photo fide;