Bifrenaria calcarata Barb.Rodr. 1882 Photo by Karl Senghas and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Dalton Holland Baptista and Orchidstudium


Common Name or Meaning The Spurred Bifrenaria

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Bahia, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janiero and Sao Paulo states of Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 300 to 900 meters as a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with conic-tetragon pseudobulbs carrying a single, plicate, erect, ellipitical-elongate, acuminate leaf that blooms in the late spring and early summer on a basal, short, few flowered inflorescence with fragrant flowers

Synonyms Bifrenaria barbosae V.P.Castro 1998

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 drawing ok; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 57 No 2 1988 photo fid; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilense I Plate 004 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 2 Encyclias Campacci 2003; Orchidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espiritu Santo Brasil Vol 4 Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo fide;