Bifrenaria charlesworthii Rolfe 1894 SECTION Stenocoryne Photo Patricia Harding

another Flower Photo courtesy of Mauro Peixoto Copyrighted and his Brazilian Plants Website

FragrantPart SunHot Warm summerFall

Common Name Charlesworth's Bifrenaria [Renowned English Orchid Nursury 1800's]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in the Atlantic forest, in Bahia, Espirito Santo and Rio De Janiero State of Brazil in montane rainforests at elevations of 300 to 1000 meters as a hot to warm growing epiphyte with conical, four sided, slightly compressed pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, plicate, oblong lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous leaves that blooms in the fall and early winter on a basal, erect, 7" [18 cm] long 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence with oblong obtuse floral bracts and carrying fragrant flowers.

This species is similar to B racemosa but this one has a larger flower spur perpendicular to the ovary and a central yellow callus and a pubescent [glabrous in B racemosa] lip.

This species is close to B racemosa but can be separated by the larger flowers, the yellow calli on the lip, the pubescent [not glabrous] lip, and the spur perpendicular to the ovary.

Synonyms Adipe charlesworthii (Rolfe) M.Wolff 1990; Adipe villosula (Brade) M.Wolff 1990; Stenocoryne charlesworthii [Rolfe] Hoehne 1944; Stenocoryne villosula (Brade) Brade 1950

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne charlesworthii; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII 115-147 Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne villosula drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilense band 2 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 as B villosula drawing fide; Orchids of Brazil McQueen 1993 photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as Adipe villosula drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses I Plate 005 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing fide; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 2 Encyclias Campacci 2003; Orchidees du Bresil, As Orquideas da Serra do Castelo Espirito Santo Brasil Vol 4 Chiron & Bolsanello 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America an introduction and guide Meisel 2014 photo not = B racemosa;