Bifrenaria longicornis Lindl. 1838

Photo courtesy of Dalton Holland Baptista and Orchidstudium

Plant in situ Surinam

Photo by Maarten Sepp


Common Name The Long-Horned Bifrenaria

Flower Size .4 [1 cm]

Found in Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Brazil in rainforests and savannahs on low bushes at elevations around 50 to 600 meters as a small sized, hot growing epiphyte with 1.2 to 3.6" [4 to 9 cm] between each, erect, cylindrical to cylindrical-ovoid, attenuate towards the apex, in maturity wrinkled to longitudinally sulcate pseudobulbs that in youth have a few distichous, imbricate, evanescent sheaths and carrying 2, apical, plicate, oblong to elliptic, acute, attenuate towards the base leaves that blooms in the summer on an axillary, from the basal sheaths, erect, 2.8 to 8.8" [7 to 22 cm] long, 6 to 18 flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and is enveloped basally by a few short, tubular, acute bracts and triangular to triangular-lanceolate, rigid, concave, acute floral bracts

Synonyms Adipe longicornis (Lindl.) M.Wolff 1990; Bifrenaria sabulosa Barb.Rodr. 1877; Rudolfiella sabulosa (Barb.Rodr.) Hoehne 1953; Schlechterella sabulosa (Barb.Rodr.) Hoehne 1944 ; Stenocoryne longicornis (Lindl.) Lindl. 1843

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VII Hoehne 1953 as Stenocoryne longicornis drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; Flora de VenezuelaVolumen XV Part 4 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Braziliense Band II Pabst & Dungs 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen lieferung 29 1777 - 1840 Brieger 1994 as Adipe longicornis drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 010 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing fide; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 2 Encyclias Campacci 2003; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids, A Colombian Treasure Vol 1 Ortiz & Uribe 2014 as Adipe longicornis photo fide